Oxcarb 600 mg (Oxcarbazepine)
Oxcarb contains the active ingredient Oxcarbazepine, which belongs to a group of drugs known as anticonvulsants. It is primarily used to treat seizures in patients with epilepsy. Even though epilepsy is the only FDA approved indication, the medicine is used and has been studied for the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder. The medicine keeps the over excitable nerve cells of the brain under control, thereby reducing the frequency of seizures. Sometimes medications are used to treat other health conditions, so be sure to ask your physician why you are taking Oxacarb tablets.
What is Oxcarb used for?
Oxarb is a medication for treating seizures, which is also used as the mood stabilizer. It is particularly useful for the irritable, agitated, or hyper-cycling phase of mood. Its regular intake may improve racing thoughts and emotional reactivity so that the patient can focus better and think before he/she react.
How does Oxcarb work?
Oxcarb works by decreasing electrical conduction or neurotransmitter activity in unstable brain cells. In this way, it controls seizures and bipolar illness.
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What does Oxcarb contain?
Oxcarb comprises of an active ingredient Oxcarbazepine, which is used in adults and children to control some types of epilepsy. Each Oxcarb tablet delivers 600 mg of Oxcarabazepine to the patient.
Effects of alcohol on Oxcarb
Patients taking the anticonvulsant drug are advised to avoid consuming alcohol because the combination may increase the risk of sedation and drowsiness. Also, the sedative effects of alcohol may act as a depressant, hiding the therapeutic effects of the medicine and complicating treatment.
What are the side effects of Oxcarb?
The most common side effects of Oxcarb 600 mg are dizziness, tiredness, somnolence, and gastrointestinal symptoms, including stomach pain, vomiting, constipation, and nausea. When you start taking medicine, you may experience difficulty in concentration, mental sluggishness, and may feel sleepy and tired. Some other side effects associated with the usage of Oxcarbazepine that usually occurs at higher doses may include impaired coordination, jerky eye movements, double vision problem, and ataxia (clumsiness when talking). These unwanted effects are temporary and go away as tolerance to the medication develops. But, if they bother you and persist for a long time, take immediate medical help. Your physician will lower your dose to make it more tolerable.
What medications interact with Oxcarb?
- Oral contraceptives- When Oxcarb is taken along with oral contraceptive pills containing levonorgestrel and Ethinyl estradiol, it can reduce the levels of these hormones and their effectiveness, which may cause unintended pregnancy.
- Medications like Verapamil, tegretol, and depakote, when taken in combination with Oxcarbazepine, can lower the blood levels of Oxcarbazepine and decreases its effectiveness.
- The antiepileptic drug may inhibit the metabolism of dilantin as well as phenobarbital and increase their blood levels, which may result in toxicity. These medications can decrease the effectiveness of Oxcarb.
When should Oxcarb not be used?
Its use is contraindicated in the following situations:
How should Oxcarb be used?
The starting dosage of Oxcarb is 300 mg twice daily. The dosage is then increased slowly, by 300 mg every three days to 2400 mg daily in a twice daily regimen. Dose adjustment is required for elder and renal impaired patients.
Take it on an empty stomach (1 hour before or two hours after consuming food) to decrease the risk of adverse effects.
How long should Oxcarb be used?
The medicine may take several weeks to reach its maximum effectiveness; however, you can see improvement in some symptoms sooner. It is important to inform your physician about your condition during the first few weeks after you start taking Oxcarb tablets. It will take 2 to 4 weeks to see enough improvement in your condition to decide if the medicine is useful for you.
For patients with bipolar illness, the treatment is generally needed lifelong. Your physician will best tell you the duration of the treatment you need based on your condition and course of sickness.
Missed dose of Oxcarb
If you miss a dose of Oxcarb tablets, take it as soon as you remember, within 2 to 3 hours of scheduling dosing. If it is near to your next dose, leave the missed dose and continue with your regular normal schedule. Also, avoid taking double doses.
How should Oxcarb be stored?
- Keep your tablets out of reach of children
- Store the medication in its originally labelled, light resistant packet, away from moisture and heat.
- Avoid freezing the tablets