What is Plavix 75mg and uses

09 Jan
By Marie

Plavix (Clopidogrel bisulphate) is an anticoagulant drug. It helps in preventing platelets from sticking together and forming a blood clot. Blood clot can be formed in the heart, blood vessels and various other parts of the body. Blood clots are unwanted and dangerous and can lead to death.

Plavix 75mg is used for many purposes. It is used to prevent the formation of blood clots after a recent heart attack or stroke and prevent with cardiovascular disorders.

Plavix keeps the blood from coagulating so as to prevent the formation of unwanted blood clots that can occur in the heart or blood vessels and pose a threat. When you take Plavix, it’s usual that you bleed; this is because of the anti-coagulant action of this drug.

Plavix can be used in the treatment of chest pain due to heart problems, poor circulation in legs in peripheral arterial disease, heart attack or stroke. It can be used alone or in combination with aspirin after a current episode of heart attack or stroke.

There are certain genetic factors in the body that have an impact on how the body breaks Plavix 75mg. Your doctor will examine and test your certain genetic conditions and then he can see that whether Plavix 75mg is suitable and safe for you to use or not. You should always take Plavix on a doctor’s prescription.

Be careful while taking Plavix when you are already taking some prescribed or un-prescribed medicines, as this can result in bad drug interactions. Your doctor will adjust your treatment plan according to the other medications you may be taking. Certain drugs which lower acid levels in your stomach like, omeprazole, esomeprazole, Nexium etc. can have interactions with Plavix.

You should not use Plavix mg if you suffer from active or heavy bleeding like in case of: stomach ulcers or bleeding in the brain which can be due to head injury. Do not use Plavix is you are allergic to Clopidogrel or other constituents of the drug, Plavix. If you are pregnant or planning to become then don’t use Plavix as this is could be harmful for your baby. If you need to undergo a surgery or dental treatment, inform your surgeon or dentist that you take Plavix.

What are the possible side effects of Plavix?

Plavix can lead to serious side-effects. Look for medical help if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Eye disorders: eye haemorrhage, haemorrhage from the conjunctiva of the eye, retinal haemorrhage.
  • Skin problems: eczema, itching, rash, acute Pustular eruptions on skin, allergic reactions caused by a drug, allergic reactions causing serum sickness, discoloured spots and small elevations of the skin, Erythema multiforme, bleeding from wound, inflammation of the skin with blisters, life threatening allergic reaction, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, bruise, redness of skin, skin disease characterized by swollen itching lesions.
  • Disorders of the respiratory system: nosebleed, bleeding from the respiratory tract, bronchospasm, interstitial pneumonitis, pneumonia with high amount of eosinophil white blood cells.
  • Liver disorders: abnormal liver function tests, acute liver failure, hepatitis.
  • Kidney diseases including bloody urine
  • Pancreas disorders: pancreatitis
  • Disorders of the GIT tract: taste problems, painful, red or swollen mouth, bleeding of the stomach or intestines, bleeding in the abdomen, inflammation of the large intestine, stomach ulcer, ulcer of the duodenum, diarrhoea.
  • Disorders of the central nervous system: headache, confusion, hallucination, haemorrhage within the skull, low blood counts due to bone marrow failure.
  • Musculoskeletal disorders: joint pain, arthritis, vasculitis, muscle pain.
  • Diseases of blood and blood vessels: acquired disease of all cells in the blood, acquired haemophilia, haemorrhage, decreased blood platelets, deficiency of granulocytes (a type of red blood cell) and increased eosinophils in the blood, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, and collection of clotted blood in an organ, space or tissue.

Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) – TTP is a blood clotting problem. TTP can occur within 2 weeks of consumption of Plavix 75mg. There is formation of blood clots in the blood vessels and can happen anywhere else in the body too. TTP is a very serious disease and needs immediate treatment as it can causes death.

What is the most important information I should know about Plavix?

  1. Plavix may not be completely effective for people who:
  • have certain genetic conditions which have an impact on the breakdown of Plavix inside the body.

Your doctor may check you for such genetic conditions to make sure that Plavix is right for you.

  • who take certain medicines like stomach acid reducers, NSAIDS (Non-Steroidal Non-Inflammatory Drugs), anti-depressants etc.

Your doctor may change your treatment plan to make sure that Plavix, when used in presence of other medicines, does not result into drug reaction.

  1. Plavix can result into severe bleeding which can be fatal. Plavix lowers the chances of blood clot formation as it is a blood thinner. While using Plavix , you may bruise and bleed more easily, it will take longer than normal for bleeding to cease and you are more likely to suffer from nosebleed.

Call your doctor for help if you notice any of these signs while taking Plavix:

  • bloody urine
  • red or black stools (like tar)
  • unexpected bleeding or bleeding that lasts longer than usual
  • an unexplained occurrence of bruises
  • a cough up blood or blood lumps
  • bloody vomit or your vomit looks like coffee grounds

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before I take Plavix?

Before you start your treatment with Plavix, make sure you tell your doctor if you:

  • had or have a stomach ulcer
  • had or have bleeding problems
  • plan to undergo a surgery or dental treatment
  • are pregnant or planning pregnancy
  • are breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed. Although it’s not clear whether Plavix passes into breast milk, you should not take Plavix and breastfeed together without talking to your doctor.
  • Have had an allergy to any of the medicines taken earlier to treat the disease.

If you are planning to undergo a surgery or dental work, inform your surgeon or dentist that you take Plavix. They should talk to the doctor who has prescribed Plavix for you before you have the surgery or any invasive procedure.

Tell your doctor about all the vitamins, prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs and herbal drugs that you take.

How should I take Clopidogrel Plavix?

  • Plavix is a prescription drug. It should only be taken on prescription and as per the instructions are given by a doctor.
  • Talk to your doctor before changing your dose or stop the intake of Plavix. Stopping of Plavix suddenly may increase your risk of getting a heart attack or stroke.
  • Plavix should be taken in combination with aspirin, only when recommended by your doctor.
  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it’s almost time for the next one. Take the next dose on scheduled time only. Do not take 2 doses of Plavix at the same time until told by your doctor to do so.
  • If by mistake you take more doses of Plavix, then rush to your doctor for diagnosis.
  • If you have to undergo a surgery or plan to have one, talk to your doctor about stopping Plavix. Your doctor should ask you to stop Plavix few days before the surgery so as to prevent too much bleeding while surgery.

What should I avoid while taking Plavix?

While taking Plavix, you should take care of your activities. You should avoid activities which increase your risk of getting a cut, bruise or any other sort of injury. Plavix is a blood thinner and it’s action is irreversible. It may cause excessive bleeding and delayed healing.

Take extra care while shaving or brushing your teeth to prevent bleeding.

Avoid drinking alcohol as alcohol increases your risk of bleeding in stomach or intestines.

What other drugs will affect Plavix?

Many other medications can increase your risk of bleeding. Talk to your doctor if you take aspirin, especially if you had a heart attack or stroke. Check with your doctor whether it is beneficial to take aspirin in combination with Clopidogrel. Ask your doctor before taking other medicines like stomach acid reducers, anti-depressants, NSAIDS (Non-Steroidal Non-Inflammatory Drugs), etc if you are taking Plavix or plan to take.

Inform your doctor about all the other medications that you take to prevent clotting of blood. These may include:

  • tirofiban, abciximab, eptifibatide;
  • warfarin, heparin, coumadin;
  • enoxaparin, tinzaparin, dalteparin;
  • ticlopididne, fondaparinux;
  • urokinase or abbokinase.

Inform your doctor about all the medications which you have started or stopped taking while taking Clopidogrel, especially:

  • Central Nervous System stimulants like, modafinil, Armodafinil;
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors like fluoxetine, fluvoxamine;
  • gemfibrozil;
  • isoniazid;
  • cancer medications like, letrozole, tositumomab, dasatinib, or ibritumomab;
  • stomach acid reducers like, omeprazole, esomeprazole, Cimetidine;
  • antifungal medications like voriconazole, ketoconazole, Fluconazole;
  • HIV medications like, etravirine, tipranavir, delavirdine, efavirenz;
  • Seizure medications like Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) or feblamate (Felbatol).

Make sure you tell your doctor about all the medications you take including prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, vitamins, herbal supplements etc. you can buy Plavix 75 online at low price from  premiumrxdrugs.com.

How Crestor 20mg can save you from heart attack

06 Jan
By Marie

Crestor is a Hypolipidemic drug that belongs to the class of medications known as Statins and HMG-CoA inhibitors. Crestor is a generic drug rosuvastatin and is an ideal drug for lowering of cholesterol and thus preventing heart attack. Crestor is the fifth highest selling medicine in U.S.A.

Cardiovascular disease is the most widespread health problem causing mortality. Cardiovascular problems arise due to an increase in cholesterol levels or Dyslipidemia.

Typically, there is an increase in bad cholesterol levels, i.e., LDL (Low density lipoprotein) and decrease in good cholesterol HDL (High density lipoprotein) levels along with high triglyceride levels. This all leads to plaque formation as there is an excessive accumulation of fat in arteries that hinders the normal blood flow and causes cardiovascular problems.

How high cholesterol levels causes heart attack?

Heart attack is a very deadly disease that affects lives of people all over the world. The major reason behind heart attack is high levels of bad cholesterol. Heart attack is a kind of an acute, sudden and critical condition that arises due to the building up of plaque like structures in arteries carrying blood. Increased LDL levels and decreased HDL levels causes deposition of fat rich plaques in the arteries. All this leads to clot formation that decreases the blood and oxygen supply to the heart and results in a heart attack.

How does Crestor work?

Crestor is widely accepted as it has shown excellent patient compliance. This drug is also given post heart attack as it prevents future clogging of the heart. Hypolipidemic drugs like Crestor really helps to lower the bad cholesterol levels in the body and increases the HDL levels.Crestor 20mg works by following two mechanisms:

  • The cholesterol production by the liver is reduced as Crestor inhibits the enzymes necessary for the working of liver
  • Crestor also increases the uptake and metabolism of the cholesterol already present in the blood

Who cannot take this drug?

This drug might not be suitable for all people. Hence you should tell your doctor about any medical conditions you might have gone through or are going so that the doctor may decide whether to give this drug to you or not. Pregnant or nursing women, people over the age of 70 years, people who have galactose intolerance or those having or have had very high blood pressure are not advised to take this drug. People having diabetes, kidney problems or hyperthyroidism should not take this drug.

Even during the course of using the drug, it may become unsuitable for some; in such a case one should immediately inform the prescriber of the drug as soon as possible.

General information about your medicine:

  • Crestor comes in various preparations like 5mg, 10mg, 20mg and 40 mg etc.
  • The lowest and most recommended dose is 5 mg and the maximum is 40 mg.
  • Crestor 10 mg can be taken at any time of the day, with or without food.
  • Crestor controls the hypertension but it doesn’t treat the root cause.
  • Take the list of all the drugs that are needed to be avoided while using Crestor.
  • One should avoid taking alcohol completely while using Crestor.

High blood pressure overview

05 Jan
By Marie

High blood pressure is a widespread disease in which blood flows from beginning to end in the blood vessels (arteries) at the higher pressure than normal pressures.

Measuring Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the power of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart push’s blood. High blood pressure, is known as hypertension, happens when this force is too elevated. Health care workers check blood pressure readings the same way for adult, teen, children. They use a gauge, electronic sensor or stethoscope, and a blood pressure cuff. With this equipment, they measure:

Systolic Pressure:  Blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood

Diastolic Pressure:  Blood pressure when the heart is at relax mode between beats

Health care workers write blood pressure numbers with the systolic number above the diastolic number. For example:-

118/76 mmHg
People read “118 over 76”
milli meters of mercury

Normal Blood Pressure: Normal blood pressure for adults is defined as a systolic pressure below 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mmHg. It is common for blood pressures to fluctuate when you wake up, sleep, or are nervous or exited. When you are energetic, it is normal for your blood pressure to amplify. However, once the activity stops, your blood pressure get back to your standard baseline range.

Blood pressure on average rises with age and body size. Newborn infants often have exceptionally low blood pressure range, that taken as normal for babies, while grown-up teens have numbers similar to adults.

Abnormal Blood Pressure

Abnormal elevation in blood pressure is defined as having blood pressures higher than 120/80 mmHg. The subsequent table below outlines and defines high blood pressure severity levels.

Stages of High Blood Pressure in Adults

Stages Systolic
(top number)
(bottom number)
Prehypertension 120–139 OR 80–89
High blood pressure Stage 1 140–159 OR 90–99
High blood pressure Stage 2 160 or higher OR 100 or higher

The ranges in the chart are blood pressure guides for adults who do not have any short-term severe illnesses. People with diabetes or chronic kidney disease should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg.

Although blood pressure increases seen in pre-hypertension are fewer than those used to diagnose high blood pressure, pre-hypertension can develop to high blood pressure and should be taken critically. Time after time high blood pressure weakens and damages your blood vessels, which can lead to tricky situation.

Types of High Blood Pressure

There are 2 main types of high blood pressure: First is primary high blood pressure and second is secondary high blood pressure.

Primary High Blood Pressure

Primary, or necessary, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. This category of high blood pressure tends to extend over years as someone ages.

Secondary High Blood Pressure

Secondary high blood pressure is caused by an additional medical condition or use of certain medicines. This type usually resolves after the cause is treated or isolated.

High blood pressure causes

The exact cause of high blood pressure is not well-known, but quite a lot of factors and conditions may play a role in its development, such as:

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Too much salt in the diet
  • Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
  • Stress
  • Older age
  • Genetics
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Adrenal and thyroid disorder
  • Sleep apnea

Other factors are environmental factors: Air pollution may cause high blood pressure regardless to how long you are exposed to it.

Inhaling air pollutants may show the way to the development of high blood pressure, according to an analysis available in the American Heart Association’s (AHA) journal Hypertension. Earlier studies have attempted to link air pollution to high blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension; however, the results were controversial and unpredictable. The recent study found that both short- and long-term exposure to air pollutants commonly associated with coal airborne dust, burning, vehicle exhaust, and dirt may influence whether somebody will develop high blood pressure.

 High blood pressure symptoms

In the vast majority of cases, there are no clear symptoms of high blood pressure hypertension, which can lead to kidney failure, heart stroke, heart attack, and eye problems if untreated. The only way to come across if you have high blood pressure is to get your blood pressure checked on a regular basis. This is particularly important if you have a close family member who has high blood pressure

If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be assured symptoms to look out for, including:

  • A severe headache
  • Fatigue  or confusion
  • vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Blood in the urine

If you have any of these hypertension symptoms, see a heart specialist without any further delay. You could be having a hypertensive crisis that could lead to a heart attack or stroke.

When to Seek Medical Care

Hypertensive emergency

A hypertensive urgent situation exists when blood pressure reaches levels that are destructing organs. Hypertensive emergencies, in general, occur at blood pressure level exceeding 180 systolic OR 120 diastolic but can take place at even lower levels in patients whose blood pressure had not been up to that time high.

The consequences of uncontrolled blood pressure in this array can be harsh and comprise of:-

  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Memory loss
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Damage to the eyes and kidneys
  • Loss of kidney function
  • Eclampsia
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Aortic dissection
  • Angina

If you get a blood pressure reading of 180 or higher on top or 110 or higher value on the bottom, and are having any symptoms of likely organ damage (chest pain, shortness of breath, backbone pain, numbness/weakness, change in visualization, difficulty in speaking) do not wait to see if your pressure comes down on its own. Search for emergency medical help without delay. Call 9-1-1. If you can’t access the emergency medical services, have someone drive you to the hospital straight away.

High blood pressure treatment

You can take valuable steps to lower your blood pressure with changes to your lifestyle and by taking prescriptions.

In all cases, you can benefit from making some simple lifestyle changes. You are also suggested to take medication will depend on your blood pressure level and your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack, kidney failure or stroke.

  • If your blood pressure is constantly above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at residence) but your danger of cardiovascular disease is low – you should be able to minor your blood pressure by making some changes to your lifestyle.
  • If your blood pressure is constantly above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home) but below 160/100mmHg – you will be offered medication to minor your blood pressure if you have the active or high risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • If your blood pressure is constantly above 160/100mmHg – you will be suggested for medication to lower your blood pressure.

Lifestyle changes

Below are several changes you could make to your lifestyle to decrease high blood pressure. Some of these will minor your blood pressure in a matter of weeks, others may take longer.

  • Cut your salt intake
  • Eat a healthy, low-fat, balanced diet, including lots of fresh fruit and vegetables
  • Do yoga
  • Be active
  • Cut down on alcohol.
  • Lose weight
  • Stop smoking
  • Drink less coffee, tea or other caffeine-rich drinks such as cola

 High Blood Pressure Medications

There are numerous classes of blood pressure medications. Each class lower the blood pressure in a different manner.


Diuretics enhance urination which reduces the sodium and fluid in the body. That can help minor the blood pressure because it lowers blood amount. Mild hypertension can some time be treated using diuretics alone. Examples of diuretics include:

  • Bumetanide
  • Chlorthalidone


Beta-blockers lower blood pressure by acting directly on the heart. These high blood pressure medications reduce heart rate and force of pumping, as well as reduce blood volume. Beta blockers include:

  • Acebutolol
  • Tenormin

ACE inhibitors

Angiotensin is a hormone in the body that causes blood vessels to narrow. The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors diminish the production of angiotensin and, in turn, that helps minor blood pressure. Examples of ACE inhibitors include:

  • Benazepril hydrochloride
  • Captopril

Calcium channel blockers

Calcium increases the potency and force of contractions in the heart and blood vessels. Blocking its access to smooth muscle tissue reduces this consequence. Calcium channel blockers lower blood pressure by soothing blood vessels and reducing heart rate. Examples of calcium channel blockers include:

  • Amlodipine besylate
  • Clevidipine

What is heart attack?

03 Jan
By Marie

Heart is a muscular organ which means it is comprised of muscles. The muscles of the heart require an uninterrupted supply of oxygenated or oxygen-rich blood. The oxygen-rich blood is supplied to it by arteries.

Purification of impure blood takes place in the heart. This oxygenated blood is supplied to the entire body via the aorta. Aorta is divided into arteries which supply oxygenated blood to all the body parts. Arteries which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles are known as coronary arteries.

The coronary arteries run along the surface of the heart. They are divided into the right coronary arteries and the left coronary arteries. They distribute oxygenated blood to different parts of the heart.

The muscles of the heart require a constant supply of oxygenated blood for the sustenance of the heart. The right ventricle of the heart and the lower portion of the left ventricle are furnished with the right coronary artery. The majority of the left ventricle is furnished with the left anterior coronary artery. There is circumflex artery which supplies the back of the left ventricle.

In case of coronary artery disease, these arteries are narrowed which leads to blockage in them. As a result, blood cannot flow as well as it should. Build up of proteins, calcium, fatty matter and inflammatory cells narrow these arteries causing the formation of plaques in them. These plaques have differed in size, the plaques are mushy and soft on the inside and hard on the outside.

Big plaques are more prone to rupture. Rupturing of the outer part of the plaque invites platelets (disc-shaped components in the blood that aid in clotting) to the area of injury. Platelets form blood clots around the plaque to support healing.

Blood clots block the arteries and the heart is not able to receive an adequate amount of oxygen-rich blood. If a blood clot completely blocks the arteries, the heart muscles become starved for oxygen. Within a short period of time, heart muscle cells begin to die for permanent damage. This is called a heart attack.

A heart attack can also be caused by the coronary syndrome. In this syndrome, the coronary arteries twitch or contract in a way which causes lowering of blood supply to the heart muscles (ischemia). It may occur at rest and can even occur in people who do not have coronary artery disease.

Each coronary artery supplies oxygenated blood to different regions of the heart. The size of the area supplied by the blocked artery and, the time between injury and treatment determine the amount of damage done to the heart muscles.

After suffering from a heart attack, the heart begins to recover. It takes about eight weeks to heal. The healing process in the heart is same as the healing process of a wound on the skin and it ends with the formation of a scar in the damaged area. So, the pumping ability of the heart is reduced after a heart attack.

What causes a heart attack?

Oxygenated blood is supplied to the heart by coronary arteries. The heart muscles need a constant supply of oxygenated blood for the nourishment of the heart. The right ventricle of the heart and the lower portion of the left ventricle are supplied by the right coronary artery. The majority of the left ventricle is supplied by the left anterior coronary artery.

In case of coronary artery disease, these arteries are blocked partially and are narrowed eventually. As a result, blood cannot flow as well as it should. These narrow arteries cause the formation of plaques in them by a build up of proteins, calcium, fatty matter and inflammatory cells. These plaques vary in size. The plaques deposits are mushy and soft on the inside and hard on the outside.

When the plaque has grown bigger and hard on the outside, it is subjected to rupture. Rupturing of the outer shell of the plaque invites platelets which are disc-shaped components in the blood that aid in clotting, to that area. Platelets form blood clots around the plaque to support healing.

Blood clots block the arteries and the heart is not able to receive sufficient amount of oxygen-rich blood. If a blood clot completely blocks the arteries, the heart muscles become starved for oxygen. This leads to the death of the muscle cells causing a heart attack.

A coronary spasm can also cause a heart attack. During the coronary spasm, the coronary arteries twitch or contract in a manner that brings the reduction in the blood supply to the heart muscles. Reduction of blood supply to the heart is known as ischemia. It may occur at rest and can even occur in people who do not have coronary artery disease.

Each coronary artery supplies different regions of the heart with oxygen-rich blood. The size of the area supplied by the blocked artery and, the time between injury and treatment determine the amount of damage done to the heart muscles.

Heart attack risk factors

The heart attack is most frequently caused by Coronary artery disease (CAD) or atherosclerotic heart disease (AHSD). In CAD or AHSD, the arteries which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles, get narrowed. This happens because of the build-up of cholesterol plaques along the inner walls of these arteries. The outer shell of the plaques gets ruptured and platelets come to their rescue. Platelets form blood clots and block the supply of oxygenated blood to the heart muscles.

The risk factors for AHSD include:

  • high cholesterol
  • high blood pressure
  • cigarette smoking
  • diabetes, and
  • a family history

While heredity can’t be controlled or prevented, other risk factors can be reduced to try to prevent AHSD from developing. If a person, already has atherosclerosis (a disease of the arteries in which there is deposition of plaques on the inner walls of the arteries), he can minimize these risk factors to prevent further narrowing of the arteries.

Other causes of the heart attack are:

  • Use of cocaine: Cocaine can cause the heart muscles to twitch enough to cause a heart attack. The drug can also cause deadly heart rhythms by asserting it’s irritant effect on the heart’s electrical system.
  • Coronary artery vasospasm or prinzmetal angina: Coronary arteries can twitch or contract in a way that causes chest pain (angina). This is known as Prinzmetal angina.
  • Atypical coronary artery: In their normal position, the coronary arteries lie on the surface of the heart. Sometimes, the path of one or more arteries may change and dive into the heart muscles. When the heart muscles contract, they can twist the arteries and cause chest pain or angina.
  • Insufficient oxygen supply: Like other muscles of the body, the heart muscles also require the uninterrupted supply of oxygenated blood. If there isn’t sufficient oxygen delivery, angina and heart attack can occur.

Heart attack symptoms and signs

Common symptoms of heart attack are:

  • pain in a chest along with shortness of breath,
  • excessive sweating, and
  • nausea

The chest pain may be described as an ache, a pressure, fullness or tightness. Pain may also radiate from the chest to the shoulder, neck, jaw, or back.

Many people do not have these common signs. Other signs and symptoms of heart attack are:

  • sweating, nausea, dizziness or vomiting,
  • shortness of breath,
  • the pain only in the shoulders or arms,
  • jaw ache, or
  • indigestion or choking feeling ( may feel like heartburn)
  • light-headedness
  • a feeling of breaking out in a cold sweat
  • irregular or rapid heartbeats

These signs and symptoms are not the same for all and vary from person to person. Some people can get a heart attack without having many of these symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of heart attack are different in women. They can so unusual and unclear that they can be easily missed. Some women may experience nausea, light-headedness, fainting, extreme fatigue, dizziness, or pressure in the upper back.

When to seek medical care?

Chest pain is almost always considered an urgent situation. Apart from the heart attack, aortic dissection or tear and pulmonary embolus (formation of blood clot in the lung) can be lethal causes of chest pain.

Chest pain arising from a heart attack is described as chest pressure, tightness, or fullness with radiation of the pain to the shoulders, neck, jaw and down the arms. This pain is accompanied by shortness of breath or sweating. These are the common signs and symptoms of a heart attack but unfortunately, many people don’t have them. Many people have indigestion, profuse sweating, profound weakness, nausea, or shortness of breath as the main symptoms of a heart attack.

Rush to an emergency unit or call an ambulance as soon as you recognise these symptoms. First responders, emergency medical technicians, and paramedics can start testing and treatment even before you reach the hospital.

Many people lose their lives because they take chest pain and other symptoms of the heart attack like indigestion, nausea, fatigue or other illness, lightly. They ignore their fear. If you feel chest in your pain, don’t take it for granted. Doctors and medical staff in hospitals take chest pain very seriously. Seek medical care if you are unsure whether your symptoms are linked to heart disease or not.

Heart Attack Treatment

As soon as a heart attack is diagnosed, treatment starts. The treatment possibly begins in the ambulance or emergency room. The treatment for heart attack includes both medical treatment (mainly thrombolytic therapy) that is by using drugs and surgical procedures.

The heart attack is diagnosed by measuring heart’s electrical activity on an ECG (Electrocardiogram). The aim is to unblock the blocked artery as quickly as possible and return back blood supply to the heart. Unblocking of the artery should be as fast as possible because time is the most important factor in the treatment of a heart attack. The longer the delay in getting medical care, more intense is the damage.

Treatment must be carried out in a hospital and include administration of clot-busting drugs (thrombolytic drugs) to dissolve the clot at the site of the ruptured plaque. It also includes procedures like catheterization (in which a long tube is inserted in an artery and threaded to the blood vessels of the heart) and, angioplasty (surgical fixing or unblocking of a blood vessel).

How to prevent a heart attack?

While people cannot control their heredity, they can lessen the risk factors for heart disease by:

  • controlling cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes;
  • quitting smoking;
  • doing exercise regularly;
  • taking a low-dose or baby aspirin every day

These are all lifetime challenges to prevent stroke, heart disease, and peripheral vascular disease.

Even with the best of preventive care, heart attacks happen. It’s safe to develop an emergency plan so that if in case, chest pain occurs, you and your family know how to seek treatment without much delay.