Drug addiction has affected almost every country in the world and the western countries are untouched. Talking about America, the country is facing this problem since several decades. The official data shows that opioid and heroin addiction have become an epidemic in the USA over the last 15 years. The requirement of rehabilitation of substance abuse in the USA is also growing fast.
Drug Addiction in America:
In 2013, a survey report of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) revealed that an estimated 24.6 million Americans aged 12 or older (9.4% of the population) were involved in the illicit drug consumption. It shows a considerable increment in the number of cases registered in 2002 (8.3%). The gravity of the problem can be understood by the information claiming that most of the users were for the first time in their teenage. The country has been witnessing about 7,800 new users are added per day to the drug addiction cases and this age group accounts more than half (54.1%) of the total number of teenagers.
If it is to mention about the death toll due to drug addiction in the USA, only heroin-related deaths were increased by 439% in 2014 from 1999. Barring a few states, the drug addiction deaths have seen a sharp increment across the country. The total number of deaths due to drug overdose was about 47,055 only in 2014 in the country. Therefore, there is an urgent need to increase the Rehabilitation of substance abuse in the USA to save the generation from deteriorating further.
Drug Rehab Services:
Drug addiction treatment typically involves several components that are directed to improve the victims of drug abuse. Its treatment aims to restore the physical and mental strength of the patients through inpatient and outpatient methods. It also includes various behavioral and pharmacological approaches to look after the patients.
Rehabilitation of Substance Abuse in the USA:
There are more than 15000 specialized drug treatment centers across the United States providing psychological counseling, behavioral therapy, medication, self-help services, case management, and other types of facilities to treat the people with substance use disorders.
These rehab centers take the cases of drug abuse and addiction with the help of specialized services. The physicians, counselors, psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, self-help groups and social workers assist the patients to recover from the drug addiction. Many of the patients take specific treatment services through outpatient, inpatient, and residential settings as well as a number of therapeutic interventions to come out of the addiction cycle.
Policy Support for Drug Rehabilitation Services:
Drug abuse patients in the USA also get support from the private and employer-subsidized health programs to reduce the influences of illicit drugs. The local, State and Federal governments try to increase and improve the treatment facilities by providing fund support to many centers of rehabilitation of substance abuse in the USA. Health Care Reform (Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, “ACA”) also recommends increasing the facilities for the drug abuse treatment services. This Act offers an opportunity to study how innovations in service delivery, organization structures, and financing can help to improve the condition of drug abuse patients.
Are you looking for help to solve a drug disorder? Drug addiction is a dependence on a legal or illegal drug or medication. You should keep in mind that nicotine and alcohol are legal substances, but are also considered as drugs. When you are addicted to the drug, you are not able to control your drug use and you will continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction may cause an intense craving for the drug. You may want to quit this addiction, but most people find they can’t do it on their own. Drug addiction causes several serious long-term consequences, including problems with relationships, physical and mental health, employment and the law. You may need help from your doctor, family, friends, support groups or any organized treatment program to overcome from drug addiction and stay drug-free to live a happy life.
Drug addiction symptoms or behaviors include the following:
Feeling of having/taking the drug regularly (It can be daily or even many times a day)
Failing in your attempts to stop using the drug
Over the time, needing more amount of drug to get the same effect or a satisfactory level.
Having intense urges for the drug
Spending money on the drug, even though you can’t afford it
Making sure to maintain an enough supply of the drug
Not meeting obligations and work responsibilities or cutting back on recreational or social activities because of drug use
Driving or doing other risky activities when you are under the influence of the drug
Doing things to get the drug that you normally may not do, such as stealing and snatching.
Focusing more and more time and energy on getting and consuming the drug
How is Drug Addiction Treated?
The treatment options explained below can help you to overcome from drug addiction and stay drug-free.
Chemical Dependence Treatment Programs
This treatment programs usually offer:
Individual, group or family therapy sessions
Level of care and sittings require based on your health conditions
A focus on understanding the nature of addiction and preventing relapse
The goal of detoxification (also called withdrawal therapy) enables you to stop taking the drug as quickly as possible. Detoxification involves gradually reducing the dose of the drug or temporarily substituting other substances, such as- buprenorphine, methadone or a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone.
As a part of the drug treatment program, counseling (also called talk therapy or psychotherapy) can be done by a psychiatrist, psychologist or licensed alcohol and drug counselor with an individual, family or group. The counselor or therapist can:
Help you develop ways to cope with drug cravings
Offer suggestions on how to deal with a relapse if it occurs
Suggest strategies avoid drugs and prevent relapse
Include family members to help them develop better communication skills and be supportive
Talk about issues regarding your job, legal problems, and relationships with family and friends to know the reasons which may force you to consume alcohol.
Self-help groups (such as Narcotics Anonymous), help people who are addicted to drugs. The self-help support group share messages and awareness that how addiction is a chronic disorder and how it can completely ruin life. Self-help support groups decrease the sense of shame and isolation that can lead to relapse. Your therapist or counselor will help you locate a self-help group. You can also find support groups in your community or on the Internet.
Alcoholism (also known as alcohol addiction) is marked by a craving for alcohol and the inability to stop drinking, even when you know it causes extreme personal or social harm. When any person struggles with alcoholism, the whole family usually hopes, wishes and prays for his or her recovery. Unfortunately, for many people, recovery is a very long journey that encompasses multiple trips to drug rehab centers and may involve hundreds of meetings. The signs of an alcohol addiction include-
frequently drinking more than intended,
developing a tolerance to alcohol,
spending an extreme amount of time and money trying to get and drink alcohol
Feeling symptoms of withdrawal when stopping, letting personal and professional responsibilities flounder in favor of drinking.
Effects of Alcohol:
Alcohol is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, so it slows down the mental and bodily processes. With the first drink of alcohol, users experience a decrease in feelings of anxiety or stress. It is generally touted as a social lubricant, meaning drinkers feel confidence and shows excitement in meeting new people, and most of the time they feel less concerned with how they are perceived by others.
Because alcohol is legal and widely accepted in society, it will be hard to tell the difference between abuse and a casual use. In general, any usage of alcohol that results in negative consequences is considered as abuse. Some of the negative consequences of alcohol use include the following:
Physical harm or illness
Problems at workplace
How long does it take to Rehab from Alcoholism?
You are not the one who has to go through with this recovery alone. There are lots of people who struggle with alcohol addiction and find it more difficult or impossible to quit on their own. Many professionals and support groups are specially designed to get you the help you need. You can also increase the chance of a full recovery by the help of a dedicated treatment center.
Rehab programs generally take a minimum of 30 to 45 days time. Some sufferers get benefit from 60 to 90 days stays at residential or inpatient treatment centers. The length of stay is based on the following conditions:
The specific addiction
The sufferer’s physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual needs
The presence of other mental, behavioral or medical health conditions (co-occurring diagnosis)
Right and timely treatment is very important for abusers. Family and friends support plays a vital role, and treatment duration /length varies case to case.
The consumption of illicit drugs is very common to see in people to an extent, but when a person becomes dependent on it or confined to this habit, it becomes an addiction, which is certainly dangerous to physical and mental health. This condition is not a sacrosanct and addiction can be treated through the medical therapy and psychological counseling. Let’s see how is addiction treated and what are the popular ways out there to recover from this condition.
Addiction Treatment Options:
Various treatment options for addiction are there but they depend on certain factors. Typically, addiction treatment involves a combination of inpatient and outpatient programs, connection with individual, psychotherapy (counseling), self-help groups, medication, pairing with family members and so on.
Inpatient Rehab Program:
Under the inpatient rehab program, patients are given under residential treatment for various durations as decided by the doctors. Usually, patients have to take the treatment course for 30 days, but it may go longer, depending on the severity of the addiction. Therapists also take care of any other co-occurring mental health conditions during the treatment process. The family members of the patients play an important role in the recovery process, as they provide psychological support and encourage them to live actively and gleefully. In this program, patients are engaged in several sports and recreational activities and take care of their comfort level.
The outpatient rehab program requires patients to attend the treatment sessions during the daytime and go back to their homes on a daily basis. This drug or alcoholism treatment program is carried out in a hospital-like atmosphere where patients have to take treatment and they are allowed to continue to perform their regular responsibilities at offices and homes. They have to spare time for counseling as well as medication.
There are different formats of outpatient programs formed as per the nature and severity of addiction. It is important to mention that patients with strong willpower and commitment experience a better recovery than those to take it for granted. An outpatient addiction treatment program is specifically designed to take care the overall responsibility of the patients.
Benefits of Self-Help Groups:
The role of support groups or self-help groups is very important in improving the condition of a drug addict. Such groups allow the patients to share their personal experience and make a way to recovery from any type of addiction. These groups also help patients to bring him out of depression through inter-personal discussions. People with the same problem gather together and are motivated by the doctors and nurses to give up drugs and alcohol. Patients also learn the skill how is addiction treated and conquer the cravings for drugs.
Counseling or Psychological Therapy:
Psychotherapy can make a difference in drug addiction treatment and a good psychiatrist can make the patients cope with cravings. The professional counselors understand each case and come up to support the patients throughout the treatment process. They create an individualized program in order to identify the potential triggers and then recommend the exact and effective addiction treatment. An addiction counselor provides emotional support to dissuade the consumption of illicit drugs. They also perform periodic drug test and plan the rehab program for better recovery. They can take the help of both inpatient and outpatient programs to treat drug addiction.
Drug abuse has become a menace worldwide and the way its cases are increasing, governments are finding it difficult to negotiate with the condition. The best protective measure is to take the holistic treatment methods to treat drug addiction that not only helps addicts detoxify in a cordial and safe environment but also sets a fast recovery process.
Drug abuse or drug addiction represents a condition when a person becomes dependent on the consumption of illicit drugs even if facing the dangerous consequences on his or her health. This excess of dependency on the illicit drugs such as heroin, amphetamine-type stimulants, cannabis, cocaine, and other opioids as well as alcohol and marijuana makes a person addict that not affects him mentally and physically but also degrades him socially.
Sometimes, the drug abuse treatment could appear so far away, but the recovery is not impossible. As a drug abuse patient, you have to consider the holistic treatment methods to treat drug addiction that involve everyone from doctors, nurses, counselors to friends and family members. First of all, you have to be determined to not let addiction continue to take its toll on your life and your near and dear ones.
Treatment Methods to Drug Addiction:
There is not just one rule or method that guarantees to treat drug abuse and addiction-related problems. Various treatment methodologies are taken in the treatment of drug addiction. All the methods are intended to help patients stop compulsive drug seeking by reducing the craving impulses. Since drug addiction is a chronic disorder characterized by the frequent relapses, only one-time treatment or just one diagnostic approach usually remains insufficient. Maybe one treatment methodology is tailored to make you recover better than others, but you cannot undermine the importance of a holistic treatment approach. Generally, drug treatment is a long-term process that requires regular monitoring, counseling, and medical interventions.
Drug addiction treatment probably focuses on three segments to make the patients stop the consumption of illicit drugs; stay away from drugs; improve the ability to function and be productive in the family, at work, and in society.
Holistic Drug Treatment Method:
When we say a holistic approach for the drug treatment, it comprises the wholesome services of residential treatment or inpatient therapy, outpatient rehab treatment, medical therapy, drug-free outpatient therapy, and self-help groups. An effective way to treat drug abuse involves the comprehensive treatment services offered by a qualified drug rehab program.
Under the inpatient recovery programs, patients are required to recover themselves into a designated or controlled environment. They stay in the supervision of a paramedical team at a clinic where they get medical and emotional support. On the other hand, outpatient rehab programs work as the part-time treatment center, allowing patients to continue their daily works and consult doctors regularly.
Family support is one of the major factors of the holistic treatment methods to treat drug addiction, as family members can emotionally encourage the patients to live a healthy life. Then comes the psychological counseling; it helps patients detach from the illicit drugs. The support of the self-help groups also plays an important role to reduce craving. Such groups call upon the people who are struggling with the drug abuse and then boost them to leave it gradually.
Drug addiction is a serious issue worldwide for many reasons. It is a topic of discussion, no matter what substance is involved. The addiction rates in most countries all over the world have a great intense effect on the health as well as on the economy of those countries.
Drug Addiction and its Treatment
Addiction to alcohol and illegal drugs frequently results in significant harm to the users, to their families, friends, and to the society as a whole. It is hard to treat drug addiction because of the nature of addiction and because of numerous adverse ways in which continuous alcohol consumption and drug use may affect a person’s life.
The illegal drugs that are generally used are categorized into two main categories namely opiates and non-opiates. Opiates include non-prescribed methadone, and heroin while non-opiates are cocaine, ecstasy, and cannabis. The effects of different drugs on the users may be quite different. There may also be notable variations in the type of users.
Depending on the type and stage of addiction, individuals seeking help may require accessing a wide range of treatment services which include methadone maintenance, primary care, detoxification, primary care, etc. as well as other supports such as housing support, income, training, childcare, and education. Aligning services and supports for the specific requirement is a key to the achievement of successful outcomes.
Free Service for Drug Addicts
For some individuals, the cost of alcohol and drug addiction center is too high and they are unable to go for this option for themselves or their loved ones. Those people who are under poverty line or are unemployed, or struggling with the emotional, physical and financial conditions leaves the idea of joining a drug addiction treatment center, as that seems impossible to them to afford due to less or no funds available. Admission in a lot of treatment center is beyond the abilities of these people or their families and friends to afford. Due to this, a majority of drug users, give up on the idea of rehabilitation center altogether simply based on the inability to pay.
But a little research and attention to detail can help to a drug addicts and their families to get out of addiction without paying anything. There are many free drug addiction centers and public assistance for rehabilitation do exist. Several governments and faith-based organizations around the world are actively striving to help people recover from alcohol or drug abuse. A little hard work can bring opportunities to enter the way of recovery with no cost to the individual. One can find a rehab based on his/her individual’s requirements.
Faith-based addiction centers use their faith traditions as part of their treatment program. Many of these are free of cost, but not all of them, so individuals who have decided to enter into one of such rehabilitation centers should confirm before getting involved.
Criteria to enter into a Free Rehab
Free drug addiction treatment center requires clients qualify through providing:
Official and legal residence address
Addiction status and need for intervention
Depending on the program, there may another requirement come before the individual can be accepted into a drug addiction center. Once all the required information is established, they may provide free treatment and help you get rid of the addiction issue.
Drug addiction is a common fact in our society as many people struggle to relieve from the illicit drugs. It’s very important to provide people substantive help through the drug rehabilitation programs so that they can restart their lives afresh. Such programs are important to understand the basic nuances of rehabilitation and may other facets.
The Importance of Drug Rehabilitation Program:
Drug rehabilitation denotes a process of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment to make people give up the psychoactive substances such as prescription drugs, alcohol, heroin, marijuana, cocaine, or amphetamine. Such a program is intended to reduce the dependence on illicit substances and cease substance abuse in order to save the patient from the physical, psychological, social and financial loss.
Drug Rehabilitation to bring life back on track:
Dependence upon the illicit drugs creates several physical and mental problems that can make life much more problematic. Drug addiction erodes people internally and weakens their physical and mental strength. For a drug addict personnel, it takes a strong will and determination along with right counseling to make his /her life normal. Since there is not a particular preventive step that fits for all, different cases of drug addiction require a different approach to the treatment. Drug rehabilitation program is actually a medium that works like a support system to make people wean away from illicit drugs, alcohol and other intoxicating materials at a gradual progression.
What do Rehabilitation Programs Include?
Most of the rehab centers take the help of medical, meditation, and spiritual wisdom in the treatment process. The psychological counseling is the most important part of these programs to encourage people for leaving drug addiction. Whichever methodology and/or patient motivation activity is needed is included in the treatment process.
Types of Rehabilitation Programs:
The rehab service providers treat drug addiction in different ways including residential treatment, extended care services, local support, recovery or sober house, addiction counseling, medical care, mental health etc.
An effective drug rehabilitation program tries to address the multiple needs of the patients rather than focusing on detoxification alone. Many drug rehabilitation centers recommend detoxification programs comprising both medication and behavioral therapy.
Specific activities under the behavioral therapy for drug addiction include:
It requires patients to recognize and cope with the situations to rearrange and rediscover the joy of life. It emphasizes on the smooth transition to mend the damage by changing the behavior of the patient.
Multidimensional family therapy
It focuses on improving the condition of the patients by establishing or invigorating the relationship of patients with their family members and near and dear ones. The therapists of drug rehabilitation programs try to motivate patients to change their behavior through social engagement.
Motivational or incentive reinforcement
Under this treatment method, drug addicts are given positive reinforcement to give up illicit drugs. They are encouraged to stay away from the addictive substances by providing some sort of incentives to make their lives better.
The myth about Rehab Centers:
Generally, the drug rehab centers are stereotyped for keeping the patients confined forcefully. However, patients put under rehab programs are free to express their desire and they can leave anytime they like to. There may be some restrictions where individuals are compelled to live in rehab centers. Probably it happens because of law agencies or courts order to do so.
Hundreds of products can be viewed in just one Google search, but to identify the best one is the real hard job. To pick the best product, public reviews can somewhat help us to identify the good one.
If you are looking for a product which can reduce the appearance of stretch marks, scars, uneven skin tone, wrinkled skin, and dehydrated skin then Bio Oil is best known for treating these skin issues with its fantastic public reviews. The product is hypoallergenic and contains no preservatives, which makes it a perfect option for all skin types. It is a non-acnegenic solution and is made up of a mix of plant extracts and vitamins, which helps moisturize and enhance the skin to its fullest. Its regular application relieves dry skin, helps soothe after sun exposure, and can be used daily in the bath for general hydration.
The reason why Bio Oil is advanced than other oils available in the cosmetics industry is that it has a key ingredient known as PurCellin Oil, which makes the formulation non-greasy texture and less viscous. This quality keeps the product in the top row of oil based formulations used to correct skin imperfections.
Amazing Ingredient of Bio Oil
The amazing ingredient of Bio Oil is PurCellin Oil, the PurCellin oil is also called Cetearyl octanoate and it is not a single ingredient (it is made more than one ingredient) as its delivery system reduces the overall thickness of the substance through which it helps bio oil to get easily absorbed into the skin.
It is added into the product to aid the absorption of other components making Bio Oil more effective when used topically. The product is an oil and can look greasy, but it is not, in fact, this oil absorb into the skin super well, leaving a light sheen but not a greasy feel. Make sure that you do not over apply the product otherwise you will get the greasy feel.
PurCellin is made in the laboratory to recreate the preen oil glands of ducks and acts as the delivery system for other ingredients of Bio Oil.
It is recommended to use the product twice daily for a minimum of three months to heal all your skin imperfections.
Fluticasone Propionate is the active substance present in the Flomist Nasal Spray. It belongs to a group of medicines known as corticosteroids, which are used to control the symptoms of allergic/non-allergic rhinitis. This spray is used for some seasonal allergies with symptoms like Runny nose, itching, nasal stuffiness, watery eyes, redness and sneezing. This nasal spray is also prescribed for people over two years of age.
The mode of action of drug:
Flomist drug containing fluticasone propionate works by acting as an anti-inflammatory agent. It is potent of producing a high anti-inflammatory response. Fluticasone works on various cells and mediators to lower the allergy caused by allergic rhinitis.
Strengths: The fluticasone drug propionate is available in a single strength under the brands names like:
Dosage: The dosage of the drug varies very much with age and condition of the patient. The drug is is administered through the nasal passage in the form of a spray. The general dosage of the drug is as follows:
For children between age group of 4-11 years:
The general dosage is one spray in each nose once in a day or severe cases the spray might be increased to 2 times in each nose. However, the maximum number of sprays in each nose must not exceed more than four times.
The nasal spray is not safe for children under four years of age.
For patients above 12 years: The general dosage is two sprays in each nostril once in a day. The spray must be done preferably in the morning. The dose must never increase a total of 8 sprays in a day.
Side effects: If you notice an of the following side effects while using the nasal spray, then stop it immediately and contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Irritation of the tongue
Irritation in nose
Dryness in the nose
Increased heart beat
Bleeding in the nose etc.
Although these symptoms are very rare, still you must see your doctor immediately in case you feel any of the above.
Change the bottle within 30 days of opening it
Never bring the medicine close your mouth or eyes
Always store the medicine in its upright position
Do not share the medicine with anyone
If using the drug after a gap of 4-5 days then spray the medicine into air first before using it on yourself
Asthma is an inflammatory disease of lungs. It is a chronic inflammatory disease that is commonly found in people all over the world. Asthma affects not only the adults, but it can be found in the young children also. Asthma impacts usually start in the childhood. Asthma has no cure.
You cannot completely get over this disease, but you can surely control the symptoms. If you have asthma, even if you do not feel the symptoms, you need to be careful every time as an asthma attack can flare up anytime.
Asthma patients have swollen inner walls of the airways. As a result, they are very sensitive to the allergens or the things that are irritation causing.
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma:
The symptoms includes the following:
Shortness of breath
Excessive sputum production from the lung that is often very hard to bring it up
Symptoms and their intensity vary day and night. The patients often complain of the symptoms becoming very intense as the temperature gets down in the evening or early morning. The condition often worsens after an exercise that is very strenuous.
If you have the above symptoms, it can be asthma, but it is not sure until you go for a thorough check up. Many another disease may also produce the same symptoms. An asthma attack can be dangerous if it is sudden, in many cases, it can become fatal also.
There are many risk factors for asthma; that may range from genetic reasons to environmental disturbances. Here are the triggers that can initiate an asthma attack:
Allergens: the common allergens include:
Animal dander that may be in the form of the skin, hair, or feathers of animals
Pollen grains from plants, trees and grasses
Molds and other fungal spores
Irritants: the familiar irritation causing factors are:
Change in temperature
Too much of exercise
Smoke from cigarettes
Too much of stress and emotional outburst
Some other factors that may cause the asthma outburst are, pollutants, gastric reflux problems, infection, food additives, and some side effects of medicines like aspirin and beta blockers.
Types of asthma:
Asthma can be of different types, and you need to be aware of those various kinds of asthma so that you can get medical assistance as soon as you experience a breathing problem.
Allergic asthma: if your allergies are making you a cough, wheeze, and sneeze
Cough variant asthma: if you have a frequent cough, get checked up
Work-related asthma is a type of asthma also known as occupational asthma
Nocturnal asthma: if you experience frequent outburst of asthma at night
What is the method of Diagnosis of asthma?
The diagnosis of asthma need not to include any precise tests. The doctor may just analyse the prolonged symptoms of asthma and the different medical conditions associated with asthma. Then the doctor may conclude that the indications are associated with the occurrence of the disease.
In some cases the doctor may advise taking a few test and observations to confirm the presence of illness like:
Medical history test: the doctor may be asking a few queries about the family history of the patient related to allergies and asthma. Th patients with close relatives having asthma, especially from the maternal side have more chances to get it. The doctor may also check the medicines that the person may have used for breathing problems. He may also ask about the period of the happening of the disease. He may inquire about the frequency of occurrence of coughs and colds.
Tests: the doctor may check for allergies, breathing problems, sinus disease and GERD. He may recommend going for tests like X-ray, ECG for the purpose of diagnosis.
Treatment of asthma:
It is very necessary to manage asthma, as there is no permanent cure for it. But asthma symptoms could vary, and you have to take care of the symptoms by taking the proper safety measures, lifestyle changes and the recommended medications. Ask your doctor to give you a complete list of asthma medication, its dosage and price, etc.
The treatment list of asthma has two main classes: