General Cause of Cancer and Treatment

by | Nov 12, 2019 | Cancer | 0 comments

There is no single cause for cancer or abnormal growth of cells. According to scientific studies, there is an interaction of many factors together that contributes to cancer. Some factors that may increase your chance of developing cancer include genetic, environmental, and other associated factors. New medication and treatment technologies target cancerous cells.

Cancer causes cells to grow uncontrollably. This ultimately leads to tumours, damage to the body’s defence system, and other health complication that can be life-threatening. As per study reports, about 18.1 million new cancer cases are reported globally and cancer remains the second leading cause of death in America. In the United States, more than 1.7 million people are diagnosed with this life-threatening disease every year. Cancer can occur in a variety of different ways due to a variety of factors. Some we inherit while others we are exposed to throughout our lives. The disease is categorized into hundreds of different types based on the body cells in which it develops. To increase the survival rate, it will be necessary to address the complexity of the disease. Research shows how cancer develops and how it interacts with the body’s defense system. These studies help scientists to discover new and more effective ways to treat cancer. 

Abnormal Growth of Cancer Cells

Damage to DNA in cells can also give rise to the development of cancerous cells. However, cells can repair damaged DNA in the cells. In case of severe damage, the cell may die. DNA damage that cannot be repaired can cause genes to mutate over time to become cancerous, and mutations in specific genes can contribute to cancer. You can inherit mutations.  These mutations can result from a range of causes, including diet and lifestyle habits along with exposure to a specific environment. An inheritable genetic disorder associated with increased risk is lynched syndrome, which prevents cells, which prevents the cell from repairing damaged DNA. This may give rise to colon cancer and cancer of the uterus at an early age.  BRCA is another genetic factor that has been linked to breast cancer.  Scientists are searching for biomarkers that can help determine risks and appropriate treatment as per the individual’s genetic profile.  

Do lifestyle habits cause Cancer?

Numerous behavioural factors can lead to genetic mutations which in turn result in the development of cancer. The risk factors for cancer include tobacco, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, overweight, and obesity. Dietary factors include insufficient fruit and vegetable intake. Chronic infections from helicobacter pylori, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and certain types of human papillomavirus can also lead to genetic mutations. Environmental and occupational risks, including radiations.

Is the Environment Responsible for Cancer growth?

Exposure to certain factors in the environment, such as harmful chemicals like asbestos and benzene cause cancer cell growth. Even talcum powder and other sources of radiation, including X rays, can lead to cancer. Substances that damage DNA and triggers the growth of cancerous cells are known as carcinogens. Excessive sun exposure, high dose chemotherapy, and radiation, use of hormonal drugs, immune-suppressing drugs, and radioactive materials are the environmental risk factors.

What are the treatment options to deal with Cancer?

The type of cancer treatment will depend on the type of cancer you have. Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. Still, in the majority of cancer cases, a combination of treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormonal therapy is used. There are a variety of cancer drugs available, and the choice could be made as per the location of the tumour, cell type, distribution, and patient’s overall health condition and other health complications associated with it. Cancer treatment aims to bring the cancerous growth under control, prevent recurrence, and alleviation of tumour symptoms. When you need cancer treatment, you need to be fully aware of the treatment options and associated information. It is normal to feel confused but talking to a health care specialist and learning about the treatment choices can help you make the right decision. you can buy cancer medication online from at an affordable price in the USA

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